Orthodontics is the part of dentistry that works on correcting teeth and jaws that are improperly positioned. Did you know that teeth which are crooked are at a higher risk of decay because it is harder to clean between them? An orthodontist can straighten your teeth, creating a mouth that is healthier and provide you with a more pleasing appearance.
Orthodontists specialize in this type of treatment because they spend an extra two years in school after completing dental school. Normally, your dentist will let you know if you need to visit an orthodontist and see if orthodontics are needed for you. Orthodontists are trained to assist with issues such as overbites, under bites, open bites and cross bites. In all of these situations, the placement of teeth is not correct and can cause underlying problems such as jaw pain and even headaches.
Oral crowding, spacing and a misplaced midline are other issues an orthodontist can assist with. Orthodontists use different types of appliances to assist in gently moving teeth, affect jaw growth and retrain muscles. The methods used can be removable or fixed. Depending what the oral problem is will determine the approach which is used. Braces and fixed space maintainers are an example of a fixed appliance, while an aligner or headgear are examples of removable appliances. If you think you or a family member may need the services of an orthodontist, ask your dentist for a recommendation.